{ "_id": "meta", "_rev": "3-ab88866de40b27f23f53a4f56fb7113f", "abstract": "Within this project, funded by the Excellence Cluster Topoi, we intend to expand a previous research project that dealt with the spatial and visual characteristics of circular enclosures of the early 5th millennium BC in Germany. Based on high-resolution digital elevation models, areas possibly orientated towards topographical and astronomical features were systematically investigated using GIS-based viewsheds and computed skyscapes and a self-developed Python based routine that incorporates the visible horizon as seen from the enclosure.", "collections_bg_img": "KGALstart.jpg", "keywords": [ "Knowledge Transfer", "Circular Enclosures", "Prehistoric archaeology", "Skyscape archaeology", "History of astronomy" ], "research_group": [ "Gordon Fischer, Gerd Gra\u00dfhoff, Christina Michel, Wolfram Schier" ], "general_information": [ [ "Description", "Based on high-resolution digital elevation models, areas possibly orientated towards topographical and astronomical features were systematically investigated using GIS-based viewsheds and computed skyscapes and a self-developed Python based routine that incorporates the visible horizon as seen from the enclosure. The repository presented here is comprised of a database of all circular enclosures under investigation. The database entries include the coordinates and a thorough description of each enclosure. Additionally, several resources \u2013 such as skyline and viewshed maps, files of input parameters and plots of astronomical features \u2013 are deposited. " ] ], "service_images_path": "\/KGAL\/ServiceKGAL\/Images\/", "additional_information_links": [ [ "https:\/\/www.topoi.org\/project\/plus-13\/", "TOPOI-Plus 13" ], [ "http:\/\/www.geschkult.fu-berlin.de\/e\/praehist\/forschungsprojekte\/Aktuelle_Forschungsprojekte\/Gebautes_Wissen\/index.html", "DFG-Projekt Gebautes Wissen" ] ], "shorttitle": "KGAL", "visible_on_startpage": true, "gallery_num_fig_per_page": 12, "metadata_blocks": [ { "title": "Specific attributes", "data": [ [ "Creators", "Christina Michel, Gordon Fischer" ], [ "Publisher", "Edition Topoi" ], [ "Institutions", "Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Freie Universtit\u00e4t Berlin, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" ], [ "Subject", "101 Ancient Cultures, 102 History" ], [ "Subject Scheme", "DFG" ] ] }, { "title": "Technical characteristics", "data": [ [ "pid System", "DOI" ] ] }, { "title": "Annotations", "data": [ [ "Entry Date", "2018-18-04" ], [ "Last Update", "2019-05-17" ] ] } ], "institutions": [ "Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin", "Freie Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin", "Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft" ], "collection_image_copyright": "Topoi", "startpage_main_img": "KGAL.jpg", "description": "

The here presented ever-expanding repository comprises a database of all circular enclosures under investigation. The database entries include the coordinates and a thorough description of each enclosure. Additionally, several resources like skyline and viewshed maps, files of input parameters and plots of astronomical features are deposited.

\n\n

The following abbreviation are used:<\/b><\/p>\n

Ri = Rising<\/p>\n

Se = Setting<\/p>\n

WiSo = Winter Solstice<\/p>\n

SuSo = Summer Solstice<\/p>\n

Ss = Sunset<\/p>\n

Sr = Sunrise<\/p>\n

AutEq = Autumnal Equinox<\/p>\n

SpEq = Spring Equinox<\/p>\n

asl = above sea level<\/p>", "title": "The Kreisgraben-Phenomenon", "hierarchy_thumbs_url_format": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/KGAL\/ServiceKGAL\/ThumbsKGAL\/%s\/%s\/thumb.jpg", "gallery_thumbs_url_format": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/KGAL\/ReposKGAL\/small\/KGAL%s\/", "filter": { "subject": [ "Prehistory", "Archaeology", "Astronomy" ], "geolocation": [ "Middle Europe" ], "resource_type": [ "Images", "Analysis", "Data" ], "period": [ "Prehistory" ] }, "license": { "name": "Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE", "url": "https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nc-sa\/3.0\/de\/", "logo": "by-nc-sa.eu.png" }, "resource_type_icons_path": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/resource_type_icons\/default\/", "hierarchy_placeholder": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/img\/thumb_placeholder.jpg", "uses_sci_version": 2, "default_thumb_extension": "png", "additional_information_text": "

LITERSKI\/NEBELSICK 2012: N. Literski u. L. D. Nebelsick, Katalog der Kreisgrabenanlagen und verwandten Tells der ersten H\u00e4lfte des 5. Jt. v. Chr. in Mittel- und S\u00fcdosteuropa. In: F. Bertemes u. H. Meller (Hrsg.), Neolithische Kreisgrabenanlagen in Europa. Internationale Arbeitstagung vom 7. bis 9. Mai in Goseck. Tagungen des Landesmuseums f\u00fcr Vorgeschichte Halle 8 (2012) 433-532.<\/p>\n

MICHEL\/HOFMANN\/SCHIER 2016: C. Michel, S. M. Hofmann and W. Schier, Built Knowledge-Spatial Patterns and Viewsheds of Middle Neolithic circular enclosures in the Northern Foreland of the Harz Mountains, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. In: Bridging the Gap \u2013 Integrated Approaches in Landscape Archaeology, eTopoi. Journal for Ancient Studies, Special Volume 4, 2015 (2016), 139\u2013161.<\/p>\n

SCHIER\/SCHMIDT-KALER 2008: W. Schier (mit einem Beitrag von Th. Schmidt-Kaler), Zur astronomischen Orientierung der mittelneolithischen Kreisgrabenanlage von Ippesheim, Mittelfranken. Acta Praehistorica et Archaeologica 40, 2008, 45-55.<\/p>", "doi": "10.17171\/2-9" }