{ "_id": "meta", "_rev": "37-e55b027a64d532786185d9243a888895", "abstract": "Diagrams related to planetary phaenomena in early Medieval manuscripts are found in texts by Calcidius, Capella, Macrobius and Plinius. The collection covers all known diagrams of those authors. The collection contains facsimiles created from the Eastwood microfilm collection. ", "collections_bg_img": "MAPDstart.jpg", "keywords": [ "History of science", "medieval", "astronomy", "diagrams" ], "research_group": [ "Gerd Gra\u00dfhoff", "Hans-Christoph Liess", "Bruce Eastwood", "Domenico Schneider" ], "general_information": [ [ "Description", "Planetary phaenomena in early Medieval manuscripts" ] ], "service_images_path": "\/MAPD\/ServiceMAPD\/Images\/", "additional_information_links": [ [ "http:\/\/www.ancient-astronomy.org\/webapplications\/domenico\/SliderDigilib.html", "Description of Attributes (H.C. Liess and G. Gra\u00dfhoff, 2006)" ], [ "http:\/\/d-nb.info\/964895072\/about\/html", "Publication: Planetary diagrams : descriptions, models, theories ; from Carolingian deployments to Copernican debates \/ Bruce Eastwood and Gerd Gra\u00dfhoff. Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Wissenschaftsgeschichte" ] ], "shorttitle": "MAPD", "visible_on_startpage": true, "gallery_num_fig_per_page": 12, "metadata_blocks": [ { "title": "Specific attributes", "data": [ [ "Creators", "Gerd Gra\u00dfhoff, J\u00fcrgen Renn" ], [ "Publisher", "Edition Topoi" ], [ "Institutions", "Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin, Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Wissenschaftsgeschichte" ], [ "Subject", "101 Ancient Cultures, 102 History" ], [ "Subject Scheme", "DFG" ] ] }, { "title": "Conditions for use", "data": [ [ "Access", "open" ], [ "License", "Creative Commons" ] ] }, { "title": "Technical characteristics", "data": [ [ "pid System", "DOI" ] ] }, { "title": "Annotations", "data": [ [ "Entry Date", "2016-04-18" ], [ "Last Update", "2016-04-18" ] ] } ], "institutions": [ "Humboldt-Universit\u00e4t zu Berlin", "Max-Planck-Institut f\u00fcr Wissenschaftsgeschichte" ], "collection_image_copyright": "Leiden Universiteitsbibliotheek", "startpage_main_img": "MAPD.jpg", "description": "

Manuscripts of four Latin authors \u2013 Calcidius, Capella, Macrobius, Plinius \u2013 were the only source to a Medieval understanding of planetary motions. They were not influenced by the Ptolemian planetary models which arrived Europe only in the 12th century with the Greek and Arabic copies of the Almagest. However, important and influential theoretical innovations were introduced by the medieval copyists who annotated the Latin sources with comments and diagrams to clarify the meaning of key passages. From the 8th to 14th century these diagrams expose their own dynamical evolution.<\/p>

During a lifelong collection of microfilms of all available manuscript Bruce Eastwood created an extremely valuable primary source for the history of science. With support of J. Renn from the Max-Planck-Institute f\u00fcr Wissenschaftsgeschichte the Eastwood collection was digitized. This MAPD collection contains all diagrams from the films of the Eastwood collection. Its catalogue was published by Eastwood\/Grasshoff 2001.<\/p>", "title": "Medieval Diagrams", "hierarchy_thumbs_url_format": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/MAPD\/ServiceMAPD\/ThumbsMAPD\/%s\/%s\/thumb.jpg", "gallery_thumbs_url_format": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/MAPD\/ReposMAPD\/small\/MAPD%s\/", "filter": { "subject": [ "History of Science", "Philosophy", "Astronomy" ], "geolocation": [ "Middle Europe" ], "resource_type": [ "Images", "Diagrams", "Analysis" ], "period": [ "Medieval" ] }, "license": { "name": "Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE", "url": "https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nc-sa\/3.0\/de\/", "logo": "by-nc-sa.eu.png" }, "resource_type_icons_path": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/resource_type_icons\/default\/", "hierarchy_placeholder": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/img\/thumb_placeholder.jpg", "uses_sci_version": 2, "additional_information_text": "

Eastwood, Bruce S. The Revival of Planetary Astronomy in Carolingian and Post-Carolingian Europe. Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 2002.<\/p>\n\n

Eastwood, Bruce and Gra\u00dfhoff, Gerd (2003). \"Planetary Diagrams - Descriptions, Models, Theories. From Carolingian Deployments to Copernican Debates\". The Power of Images in Modern Science. Eds. J. Renn W. Lef\u00e8vre, U. Schoepflin. Basel: Birkh\u00e4user, 2003, 197-226.<\/p>\n\n

Eastwood, Bruce, and Gerd Grasshoff (2004). \"Planetary diagrams for Roman astronomy in medieval Europe, ca. 800-1500.\" Philadelphia: Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 94.3, 2004: i-158.<\/p>\n\n

Eastwood, Bruce S. Ordering the Heavens: Roman Astronomy and Cosmology in the Carolingian Renaissance. Leiden\/Boston: Brill Academic Pub, 2007.<\/p>\n\n

Liess, Hans-Christoph. Geschichte, Astronomie mit Diagrammen: Geschichte und epistemische Funktion der Planetendiagramme des fr\u00fchen Mittelalters. Bern: Bern Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 2012.<\/p>", "doi": "10.17171\/1-2" }