{ "_id": "meta", "_rev": "21-b2f6b6c323f28f9c6a0aaaba8f42f54c", "abstract": "Between 3500 and 300 B.C. cylinder seals were one of the most important communication tools in the Near East. Embedded in administrative activities, they served as means of identification. Within the project \"Near East Seals as Tools of Visual Communication through Space and Time\", almost all of the cylinder seals of the Vorderasiatisches Museum Berlin have been digitized with a structured-light 3D scanner, which has been developed by the Fraunhofer-Institute. The results are now available in an online archive. ", "title": "Cylinder Seals", "vikus_data_available": false, "shorttitle": "VMRS", "collection_image_copyright": "Staatliche Museen zu Berlin \u2013 Vorderasiatisches Museum, Foto: Olaf M. Te\u00dfmer", "description": "In addition to the common documentation methods of cylinder seals by rolled impression and photography, this collection also offers 3D-models and digital impressions. The 3D-scans can be performed without impacting the objects, thus reducing the risks. This method allows even the most fragile of seals to be documented, including those too delicate to be used for a rolled impression. These scans offer a true-to-scale reproduction of the seals. ", "additional_information_links": [ [ "http:\/\/www.smb.museum\/museen-und-einrichtungen\/vorderasiatisches-museum\/home.html", "Vorderasiatisches Museum Berlin" ] ], "research_group": [ "Markus Hilgert", "Beate Salje", "Barbara Feller", "Anja F\u00fcgert", "Helen Gries" ], "institutions": [ "Vorderasiatisches Museum Berlin - Staatliche Museen zu Berlin", "Excellence Cluster 264 Topoi" ], "digital_editors": [ "Markus Hilgert" ], "keywords": [ "knowledge transfer", "Seals", "Mesopotamia", "Near East", "trade", "technology", "art" ], "license": { "name": "Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE", "url": "https:\/\/creativecommons.org\/licenses\/by-nc-nd\/3.0\/de\/", "logo": "by-nc-sa.eu.png" }, "general_information": [ [ "Description", "Vorderasiatische Siegel als Medien visueller Kommunikation in Raum und Zeit<\/p>" ] ], "metadata_blocks": [ { "title": "Specific attributes", "data": [ [ "Creators", "Beate Salje, Markus Hilgert" ], [ "Publisher", "Edition Topoi" ], [ "Institutions", "Vorderasiatischen Museums \u2013 Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Excellence Cluster 264 Topoi" ], [ "Subject", "101 Ancient Cultures, 102 History" ], [ "Subject Scheme", "DFG" ] ] }, { "title": "Conditions for use", "data": [ [ "Access", "open" ], [ "License", "Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 3.0 DE" ] ] }, { "title": "Technical characteristics", "data": [ [ "pid System", "DOI" ] ] }, { "title": "Annotations", "data": [ [ "Entry Date", "2016-04-18" ], [ "Last Update", "2016-04-18" ] ] } ], "service_images_path": "\/VMRS\/ServiceVMRS\/Images\/", "resource_type_icons_path": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/resource_type_icons\/default\/", "startpage_main_img": "VMRS.jpg", "collections_bg_img": "VMRSstart.jpg", "gallery_num_fig_per_page": 12, "hierarchy_placeholder": "http:\/\/repository.edition-topoi.org\/img\/thumb_placeholder.jpg", "visible_on_startpage": true, "additional_information_text": "


A. Moortgat, Vorderasiatische Rollsiegel (1940).<\/p>\n

D. Collon, First Impressions \u2013 Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East (2005). <\/p>\n

E. Klengel-Brandt, Neuassyrische Glyptik aus A\u0161\u0161ur. Mit Beitr\u00e4gen von Sabine B\u00f6hme und Othmar Keel, WVDOG 140 (2014).<\/p>\n

More information:<\/p>", "uses_sci_version": 2, "default_thumb_extension": "png", "filter": { "subject": [ "Near Eastern Studies", "Archaeology" ], "resource_type": [ "Images", "3D Data" ], "geolocation": [ "Near East", "Mesopotamia" ], "period": [ "Babyolonian" ] }, "sci_repos_base_path_format": { "online": "\/var\/www\/editiontopoirepo\/CLMN\/ReposCLMN\/CLMN%s\/", "testserver": "", "local": "" }, "doi": "10.17171\/1-5", "object_sort_key": "title" }