Ancient Columns | Edition Topoi

Institutions

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Excellence Cluster 264 Topoi

Keywords

ancient architecture, columns, architectural geometry, spolia, entasis

DOI

10.17171/2-2

Citation

Ancient Columns, 2016, Gerd Grasshoff, Bernhard Fritsch, Edition Topoi, DOI: 10.17171/2-2

Abstract

This collection assembles 3D models of ancient columns for the purpose of reconstructing their underlying building principles.

Description

Vitruv provided design principles for ancient columns in his 'De Architectura'. Incomplete or lost is the part of description characterizing the slight embellishment of the form of columns called "entasis". Introduced to address optical refinements of columns, various geometric techniques had been developed to construe the forms of columns. The form varies largely depending on the size of the column and its purpose.

Further information

Haselberger, Lothar, 1999. Appearance and Essence - Refinements of Classical Architecture: Curvature. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Wilson Jones, Mark, 2000. Principles of Roman architecture.

Research Group

Gerd Grasshoff, Bernhard Fritsch