AbstractBetween 3500 and 300 B.C. cylinder seals were one of the most important communication tools in the Near East. Embedded in administrative activities, they served as means of identification. Within the project "Near East Seals as Tools of Visual Communication through Space and Time", almost all of the cylinder seals of the Vorderasiatisches Museum Berlin have been digitized with a structured-light 3D scanner, which has been developed by the Fraunhofer-Institute. The results are now available in an online archive.
DescriptionIn addition to the common documentation methods of cylinder seals by rolled impression and photography, this collection also offers 3D-models and digital impressions. The 3D-scans can be performed without impacting the objects, thus reducing the risks. This method allows even the most fragile of seals to be documented, including those too delicate to be used for a rolled impression. These scans offer a true-to-scale reproduction of the seals.
A. Moortgat, Vorderasiatische Rollsiegel (1940).
D. Collon, First Impressions – Cylinder Seals in the Ancient Near East (2005).
E. Klengel-Brandt, Neuassyrische Glyptik aus Aššur. Mit Beiträgen von Sabine Böhme und Othmar Keel, WVDOG 140 (2014).